Carpentry

ABS Trimming

Description

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene

Used to make light rigid products and in carpentry, as trims to edgings of carpentry.

Area to Use

Cabinet doors
Cabinet tops’ edging

Walls

N/A

Typical sizes

15mm, 35mm

Strengths

The most important mechanical properties of ABS are resistance and toughness.

Supposed to offer protection to edges against wear, moisture etc.

Weaknesses

Must match with chosen laminate doors, therefore restricted in range.

Plywood

Description

It is a type of engineered wood made from thin sheets of wood. (Pine wood)

Area to Use

All customised carpentry

Walls

N/A

Typical sizes

2400×1200 8’x4′

Strengths

A common reason why plywood is used instead of plain wood is its resistance to cracking, twisting, shrinkage and warping and very economical.

Environmentally friendly.

Weaknesses

Not water resistant, even marine ply is only resilient to rot and not water.

Generally not used as a finished product, and is finished with laminate and or veneer

Laminate (HPL)
High Pressure Laminate

Description

A heat resistant, wipe clean product with varying surface patterns and textures used commonly as a decorative finish for local carpentry. It is glued on.

Heat pressed with decorative paper on particle board

Area to Use

All customised carpentry

Walls

N/A

Typical sizes

2400×1200 8’x4′

Strengths

Many brands and with many different colours, patterns to choose from to go in every type of interior.

Quite resilient and some are heavy duty types that are ideal as tops. (postformed tops)

Weaknesses

Glossy laminates tend to show bump when seen with light.

Veneer (recon veneer)

Description

Generally refers to thin slices of decorative wood usually thinner than 3mm that are typically glued onto core panels like plywood.

Obtained through either ‘peeling’ or by
slicing trunk of a tree.

Area to Use

All customised carpentry

Walls

N/A

Typical sizes

Random

Strengths

Real, wood grains. Natural looking and natural texture.
Comes in a wide variety of grains, coloutrs and textures.
Maybe stained and dyed to get a tone.
May be polished when surface isĀ  damaged or becomes dull.

As it is thin, material may be rolled or folded to achieve a very fine edging.

Weaknesses

Sensitive and porous. Dents easily when appled.

Not water proof and may discolour when exposed to continousĀ  sunlight.

Solid Surface

Description

Polyutherene based or acrylic based product

Compressed hardened material, typically used for tops and counter tops

Valued for its seamless joints.

Area to Use

Tops, counters

Walls

N/A

Typical sizes

700 width

Strengths

Seam less joints, 99.9% non porousity.
Wide variety in colours and patterns.

Economical solution

Weaknesses

Will still scratch and when using dark colour pieces, joints and scratches may show easily.

Not heat and stain resistant

Kompacplus Top

Description

Pulp, paper, composite and sawdust mixed with rexin and hardener to create Kompacplus top

Area to Use

Tops, counters backsplash
Even used in wet areas

Walls

Yes

Typical sizes

10ftx800mm

Strengths

Aesthetics, wood grained table top impact resistant. Water resistant, heat resistant, stain resistant

Weaknesses

Not indestructible, joinery issues

Quartz top

Description

Quartz surfacing is made from approx 95% natural quartz and 5% polymer resins.

Area to Use

Tops, counters backsplash
Even used in wet areas

Walls

Yes

Typical sizes

board size

Strengths

Due to the presence of the resins, quartz counters are less prone to staining
Has the same toughness of quartz is therefore high in impact resistance
Heat and stain resistant
Natural shine and lustre, easier to install

Weaknesses

Joinery lines issue, still will scratch expensive material to use

Cultured Marble

Description

Cultured marble countertops are man made vanity tops that have the look of real stone marble

Area to Use

Tops, counters backsplash

Walls

No

Typical sizes

Molded and cast

Strengths

The finished material is significantly less expensive than real marble & four times stronger than natural stones

Weaknesses

Can be quite fake looking, requires a mold to create and therefore is not versatile, needs fabrication process

Melamine Panel

Description

Panels like chipboard that are covered by the Melamine Resin.

Heat pressed with decorative melamine on particle board

Area to Use

Carpentry items

Walls

Yes

Typical sizes

Sheet sizes 2400×1200
8’x4′ diff thick

Strengths

Heavy duty, scratch and impact resistant economical

Weaknesses

Heavy to transport. Currently limited in color range

MDF Board
Medium Density
Fibreboard

Description

Another alternative to plywood. A finely grained and compressed material that can be used for carpentry

Area to Use

Carpentry items

Walls

Yes

Typical sizes

Sheet sizes 2400×1200
8’x4′ diff thick

Strengths

A common reason why MDF is used instead of plywood is its smooth surface. The smooth surface is ideal for spray painted furniture.

Environmentally friendly.

Weaknesses

Very hard to paint over as it is too absorbent
Heavy to transport.
Sensitive to water