Floor & Wall

Homogenous tiles and or Polished Homogenous tiles

Description

Brittle clay material with pigmented colouring throughout the whole tile

Area to Use
  • Suitable for all  areas
  • Maybe used for counter top
Walls

Yes

Typical sizes
  • 300×300
  • 300×600
  • 600×600
  • 800×800
  • etc
Strengths
  • Wide range of colour & sizes but not as much as ceramic tiles
  • Hardy, resilient to impact and stains
  • When chipped it will not reveal significant whitish clay as it is pigmented throughout the tile
  • May be polished when surface clouds.
Weaknesses

Must match with chosen laminate doors, therefore restricted in range.

Ceramic tiles

Description
  • Brittle clay material is baked with glaze.
  • This is to achieve a glossy or semi glossy appearance in colour.
Area to Use
  • Suitable for all  areas
  • Maybe used for counter top
Walls

Yes

Typical sizes
  • 200×300
  • 300×300
  • 450×450
  • 500×500
  • etc
Strengths
  • Wide variety in colours and sizes, it is also easy to maintain.
  • Ideal for bedrooms and living & dining rooms.
Weaknesses
  • When chipped, the top glazed surface may reveal the whitish clay
    underneath
  • Though huge in variety, the designs  are usually monotonous, repititive & unnatural looking

Marble

Description

Natural Limestone which is partly cystalized and irregular in colour, rich  glossy appearance with natural grains adding a touch of class to any interior

Area to Use
  • Best suited for living & dining areas
  • Maybe used for counter top
Walls

Yes

Typical sizes
  • 300×600
  • 300×300
  • 600×600
  • Slab
  • etc
Strengths
  • Natural grains adds depth and pattern to surfaces.
  • Glossy and cold to the touch. Very ideal for SG climate.
  • Huge variety in colours and sizes.
  • May be polished when surface clouds
Weaknesses
  • High in cost & maintenance.
  • High porousity, pets’ urine, spillages  may cause stainning that is  irreversible.
  • Grains and tones are inconsistent and can be varied.
  • During installation breakages are rampant, therefore a lot of wastages.

Granite

Description

Hard coarse grained igneous rock, composed mainly of quartz, mica and orthoclase

Area to Use
  • Best suited for living & dining areas
  • Maybe used for counter top
Walls

Yes

Typical sizes
  • 300×600
  • 300×300
  • 600×600
  • Slab
  • etc
Strengths
  • Very tough material, very good for kitchen counter top or areas with high traffic.
  • Glossy and cold to the touch.
  • Very ideal for SG climate.
Weaknesses
  • Dull in design and colour, may make area looked dark and busy with a lot of patterns on surface
  • High in cost.
  • Porous.

Parquet or other natural timber flooring

Description
  • Natural timber wood material laid onto floors.
  • Teak is commonly used.
Area to Use

Suitable for all dry areas

Walls

No

Typical sizes
  • Random
  • Plank sizes
Strengths
  • Natural , running tones with distinct visible grains.
  • Adds warmth to any interior, great for bedrooms.
  • Can lay in different formats, ‘hatched, herring bone, long or short stips’
Weaknesses
  • Surface will cloud in time.
  • Scratch easily, maintenance high.
  • High porousity, pets’ urine, spillages may cause stainning that is irreversible.
  • High in cost.
  • Termite risk

Laminate flooring

Description
  • Synthetic wood flooring with laminated wood like appearance on the top. Joined by either a tongue and groove system or a ‘click’ system. Core material inside is HDF (high density fibreboard)
  • Underlay is known as “floating membrane’ and is necessary to allow the boards to  glide during expansion and contraction
Area to Use

Suitable for all dry areas

Walls

No

Typical sizes

200×1200

Strengths
  • Relatively high resistance to scratch and impact.
  • Relatively cheaper compared to real wood.
Weaknesses
  • No direct, sharp pointed impact.
  • Some brands may come with patterns and grains that are ‘fake’ looking and repititive.
  • Platic and or rubbery synthetic to the touch. While you may have the look of wood but doesn’t quite feel real.
  • Care and maintenance is just like parquet, dry mopping etc.

Slate tiles, quartz, soln hoffen tiles

Description

Fine grained rock that splits into many layers

Area to Use

Usually used for tropical looks, for floor and wall claddings

Walls

Yes

Typical sizes

Assorted, may be broken or comes in 300×300

Strengths
  • Natural looking floor treatment.
  • Offers a wide varieties in tones and colours.
  • Versatile may be used in wet and dry areas when treated.
Weaknesses
  • Rough textured if not polished, may hurt because of edges.
  • Porous and therefore staining may occur.
  • Standard tropical look and feel, not accommodating to other design.
  • Expensive.

Vinyl Flooring/linoleum flooring

Description

It is a finished flooring material, mostly used in commercial & institutional applications. It composes of several vinyl chips compressed and formed into solid sheets of varying thickness by heat.

Area to Use

All areas

Walls

No

Typical sizes

Rolls, tile sizes applies, In click system like laminate flooring

Strengths
  • Highly favoured for areas of high traffic because of its low cost, ease in application and durability.
  • Very easy to maintain, high resilience to impact and abrasion.
  • May be relaid to replace damaged pieces easily.
  • If laid properly may even be used for kitchen and or wet areas.
Weaknesses

Rubbery to the touch and for cheaper models, the cheap and ‘fake’ feel is very obvious.

Broken Marble/Compressed Marble/Terrazo

Description
  • This type of flooring installation is often referred to as large tile mosaics.
  • Made up of solely chips of marble, limestone, quartz, granite etc, compressed together by means of resin, cement etc to form a pattern or a tile with a specific size for laying purposes.
Area to Use

All areas

Walls

Yes

Typical sizes

Random

Strengths
  • Natural grains adds depth and pattern to surfaces.
  • Glossy and cold to the touch. Very ideal for SG climate.
  • Huge variety in colours and sizes.
  • May be polished when surface clouds
  • You may obtain pieces of broken or crackled marble at a fraction of the cost, allowing you to create natural marble flooring at a fraction of the price.
Weaknesses
  • High in cost & maintenance.
  • High porousity, pets’ urine, spillages may cause stainning that is irreversible.
  • Grains and tones are inconsistent and can be varied.
  • During installation breakages are rampant, therefore a lot of wastages.

Carpet

Description

For interior usage, there are 3 major types

  1. Decorative – pile loop carpet that are usually placed in the middle of the room.
  2. Carpet tile, 500×500 used commercially.
  3. Carpet roll, broadloom carpets in roll form used commercially and in residence.
Area to Use

All dry areas

Walls

Yes

Typical sizes
Strengths
  • A good sound insulant. May be used for sound proofing.
  • Creates an expensive look and comes in a wide variety of colours and patterns.
Weaknesses

Dust collects easily, sensitve to water and requires regular maintenance.

Cement Screed

Description
  • Usually used as an underlying layer of cement and compound before the application of laying tiles.
  • It may be mixed with a colour agent to give it a more attractive finish.
  • Like a plastering process.
Area to Use

All areas

Walls

Yes

Typical sizes

N/A

Strengths

Hardy finish, when mixed correctly and suitable for an industrial and high tech raw feel.

Weaknesses
  • When mixed wrongly with too much water, or sand that is too coarse, cracks and shrinkage will appear.
  • If not treated or cured properly, it become porous.

Paint

Description
  • Floor – Use Epoxy Paint
  • Resin like paint that has a hardening effect when applied to floor surface.
  • Glossy in appearance.
  • Common protection mambrane for steel.
Area to Use

All areas

Walls

Yes

Typical sizes

N/A

Strengths
  • Prevents rusting, hardy and impact resilient.
  • May be used to protect marble or brittle floor materials
Weaknesses
  • Glossy appearance makes it looks a bit tacky at times.
  • Limited by paint colour varieties from suppliers.

Paint

Description
  • Wall – Dry areas
  • Paint is any liquid composition which after application is converted into a solid film. It is used to beautify, and protect its surfaces with a pigmented coating.
Area to Use

All walls

Walls

Yes

Typical sizes

N/A

Strengths
  • Huge variety of colours to choose from with different characteristics, from the typical emulsion to the protective 3 in 1 types.
  • Colours may be customised by mixing.
  • Special Note
  • Dark color wall paints may require an additional oil based sealant
Weaknesses

Easily dirtied and may require reapplication of coating if surface is exposed to elements.

Paint

Description

Wall – Wet Areas or areas exposed to elements.
Weathershield paint/waterproof paints are basically paints that have been treated to protect the surface against moisture, algae growth and discolourat-ion.

Area to Use

All walls

Walls

Yes

Typical sizes

N/A

Strengths
  • Huge variety of colours to choose from with different characteristics, from the typical emulsion to the protective 3 in 1 types.
  • Colours may be customised by mixing.
Weaknesses

Easily dirtied and may require reapplication of coating if surface is exposed to elements.

Porcelain tiles

Description

Brittle clay material with pigmented colouring throughout the whole tile complete with a glazing material on surfaces

Area to Use
  • Suitable for all areas
  • Maybe used for counter top
Walls

Yes

Typical sizes
  • 300×300
  • 300×600
  • 600×600
  • 800×800
  • etc
Strengths
  • Very versatile and a lot in terms of color and pattern range.
  • A lot of these porcelain tiles are very good imitations of certain natural finishes like stones and wood
Weaknesses
  • Running tone design may make it appear too random or natural
  • Range in design is limited and for polished ones when chipped will reveal matt or porous clay

Wall paper

Description

Paper or polyester based material used as decorative surface treatment.

Area to Use

Suitable for most dry walls and walls that are not exposed to moisture

Walls

Yes

Typical sizes

Assorted sizes in roll forms

Strengths
  • Very versatile and a lot in terms of color and pattern range.
  • Fills up the space and can create a dressed up and cosy environment
Weaknesses

As wallpaper requires adhesive to stick on, if moisture is introduce or if it is humid or too hot, peeling may occur.

Engineered wood flooring

Description
  • is composed of two or more layers of wood in the form of a plank. The top layer (lamella) is the wood on the surface and is usually sawn timber like oak, maple etc.
  • The lamella may come in various thickness and may be grinded and polished.
  • Underneath the lamella is usually adhered to plywood of a certain thickness.
Area to Use
  • Suitable for all dry floor areas
  • May also be used for décor wall feature
Walls

Yes

Typical sizes
  • Random
  • Plank sizes
Strengths
  • Natural , running tones with distinct visible grains.
  • Adds warmth to any interior, great for bedrooms.
  • Can lay in different formats, ‘hatched, herring bone, long or short stips’
  • More eco friendly than Parquet
Weaknesses

Equally expensive and is still not a true natural material. Like all natural material is susceptible to impact, dents, moisture and scratches.